A prospective and controlled clinical study to evaluate the effect of ascending aortic reconstructive surgery on cardiovascular hemodynamics
If you would like to help with this study as a master's or bachelor's thesis project, please send Bryn Martin an email with your resume and research interests.
Proximal aortic compliance provides more than one-half of the entire systemic arterial compliance. Thus, when an aortic graft patient has part of their aorta replaced with an inelastic graft, it is expected that the graft will have a significant impact on aortic pulse and peak pressure and cardiac afterload, all factors related with hypertension. A previous study conducted by our research group on a porcine model (Figure 1) revealed that wrapping the aorta with Dacron fabric resulted in a large increase in systolic pressure and reduction in aortic blood flow (Figure 2) (Ioannou, Stergiopulos et al. 2003). However, a detailed study comparing pre and post surgical hemodynamics in ascending aortic graft recipients has not been conducted.
Hypothesis and research objectives
We propose to examine the pre and post surgical impact of aortic reconstructive surgery on cardiovascular hemodynamics and hypothesize that aortic and total arterial compliance will be reduced significantly.
Methods and study outline
To be posted.
Expected results and potential impact
The proposed work will quantitatively assess the hemodynamic impact of implantation of a synthetic aortic graft. It is expected that aortic compliance will be reduced after graft implantation. Thus, the methodology developed in this pilot study could be further explored to compare hemodynamic impact of different type of aortic grafts on the market and help assess new aortic graft designs.
To be posted
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Ioannou, C. V., N. Stergiopulos, et al. (2003). "Hemodynamics induced after acute reduction of proximal thoracic aorta compliance." Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 26(2): 195-204.
Stergiopulos, N., P. Segers, et al. (1999). "Use of pulse pressure method for estimating total arterial compliance in vivo." Am J Physiol 276(2 Pt 2): H424-428.
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